For those of you who are in a court case with underprivileged conditions, then you can use one of the following 3 types of legal assistance.
In dealing with problems in court, there are 3 types of legal assistance that can be used. The entire community has the right to receive legal assistance when conducting litigation.
Even the accused or suspect can also ask for legal assistance because it is his right as a human being. However, the discussion regarding the types of legal assistance this time is intended for those who are less fortunate.
3 Types of Legal Assistance for Underprivileged Citizens
Legal aid aims to guarantee and fulfill the recipient’s right to access justice. That way, all Indonesian citizens have the same rights before the law.
Pro Bono or Free – Only from Advocates
The first 3 types of legal aid are free legal aid – only gifts from Advocates, otherwise known as Pro Bono. This means that legal services from advocates can be received without having to pay an honorarium.
This has been regulated in law, where advocates are required to provide legal assistance free of charge to justice seekers whose economy is down. This assistance includes consultation, power of attorney, representing, accompanying, and defending.
To obtain one, you will need to submit a written or oral application, then address it directly to an attorney. It could also be through advocate organizations or through LBH (Legal Aid Institute).
If opting for a written application, including your name, address, and occupation, along with a brief description of the subject matter. Don’t forget to include a statement of incapacity from the competent authority.
Legal Aid Organizations or Institutions
The next step is to seek help from social organizations that provide legal aid services. You can also find them at the Legal Aid Institute because they serve the public for free.
The assistance provided covers matters of civil law, and criminal law, as well as litigation and non-litigation administration. Where the form is in the form of exercising power of attorney, accompanying, representing, defending, or other legal actions for the benefit of the legal recipient.
If you choose from these LBHs, you must apply in writing or verbally to the legal aid provider. This includes the identity of the applicant and the subject matter for which legal assistance is requested.
To get these 3 types of legal assistance, also attach a statement of incapacity from the village head, village head, or official where you live. As well as complete other supporting documents related to the case.
Exemption of Case Fees
The third type of assistance is through the waiver of court fees in accordance with Supreme Court regulations. In this service, underprivileged people do not need to pay advocacy costs to get help.
Because the state itself will bear all your litigation costs in court. Please note that this service applies to cases in the General Courts, Religious Courts, and State Administrative Courts.
One of these 3 types of legal assistance was initially submitted to the level of appeal, cassation, or PK. After that, the application will be implemented immediately if the previous level decision has been received and before the handover of the counter.
An application for fee relief is submitted to the Chairman of the Court of first instance through the clerk’s office. The condition is to attach an SKTM (Certificate of Disadvantage) from the local official and a Certificate of Other Social Benefits.
If your request is granted, then the Head of the District Court will issue a Letter of Determination of Case Fee Waiver Services. That way, you can immediately complete the judicial process accompanied by LBH.
So the conclusion is that everyone still has the right to get legal aid even in a poor economic situation. Make sure the documents needed are correct, so you can get this assistance.
You can get it by applying for assistance directly to advocacy or LBH. The existence of these 3 types of legal aid is expected to be useful for justice seekers.